Zachariah (1971) is a film starring John Rubinstein as Zachariah and Don Johnson as his friend Matthew as two gunfighters journeying through the American West.
The film is loosely based on Hermann Hesse's novel Siddhartha, surrealistically adapted as a musical Western by Joe Massot and the members of The Firesign Theatre comedy troupe.
This film was billed as, "The first electric western." It features appearances and music supplied by rock bands from the era, including the James Gang and Country Joe and the Fish as "The Cracker Band." Fiddler Doug Kershaw has a musical cameo as does Elvin Jones as a gunslinging drummer named Job Cain.
Roger Greenspun of The New York Times wrote in a review of the film "It is, at least in my experience, the first movie to parody the Western with the apparent intention of propagandizing homosexual love. I am aware that male relationships are a stock in trade of most Westerns and that, in Andy Warhol's brilliant "Lonesome Cowboys," there has already been a homosexual parody."